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General Introduction of Biotechnology

Maa Saraswati Xrismas Prof. Sanjiv Kumar Prof Sanjiv Kumar Deepawali Chrismas

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What is Biotechnoloty

In 1919 Hungarian Agricultural Engineer Karl Ereky foresaw a time when 
biology could be used for turning raw materials into useful products. He coined the
term biotechnology to describe that merging of biology and technology. Ereky’s vision
has now been realized by thousands of companies and research institutions.
The Science of Biotechnology Biotechnology has been used in a rudimentary form since ancient brewers began using yeast cultures to make beer. The breakthrough that laid the groundwork for modern biotechnology came when the structure of DNA was discovered in the early 1950s.
Discovery and developing Biomedicines The first step in treating any disease is to clarify how the disease is caused. Many questions must be answered to arrive at an understanding of what is needed to pursue new types of treatments.How does a person get the disease? Which cells are affected? Is the disease caused by genetic factors? If so, what genes are turned on or off in the diseased cells? What proteins are present or absent in diseased cells as compared with healthy cells? If the disease is caused by an infection, How does the infectious organism interact with the body?
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